Mayor Wagner signing the Landmarks Law, 1965; Courtesy of the New York Preservation Archive Project

The Preservation History Database is the first-stop encyclopedic resource for those interested in topics related to the history of preservation.

This educational tool is meant to function as an encyclopedia of New York City’s preservation history, a gateway for academic researchers, and a resource for contemporary preservationists. Entries in the database are not in-depth explorations and analyses; their purpose is to provide comprehensive, accurate, and succinct facts that direct visitors to other available resources. To make the Preservation History Database a useful research tool, the Archive Project aims to identify archival collections, oral histories, and digital resources that are relevant to each entry and make information on their locations and accessibility easily available. The database is continuously updated with new topics and new information. Contact us with any questions, comments, or suggestions.

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Above: Mayor Wagner signing the Landmarks Law, 1965; Courtesy of the New York Preservation Archive Project

1893 World’s Columbian Exposition

Also known as the Chicago World's Fair

The 1893 World’s Columbian Exposition gave rise to the City Beautiful movement and led to the creation of numerous art societies seeking to obtain legislative means for aesthetic regulation in New York City.

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2 Columbus Circle

Designed in 1964 by Edward Durell Stone, 2 Columbus Circle was the center of a heated preservation battle when the building was converted into the Museum of Arts and Design in 2006.

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African Burial Ground

Also known as African Burial Ground and the Commons Historic District

The African Burial Ground is one of the largest and earliest sites associated with 18th-century slavery in the United States.

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Audubon Ballroom

Also known as the William Fox Audubon Theater, Beverly Hills Theater, or San Juan Theater

Significant to several underrepresented communities in New York City, the Audubon Ballroom is an interesting example of preservation without official designation as a NYC Landmark.

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Biltmore Hotel

The loss of the Biltmore Hotel became an example of the danger of making deals with developers in the name of preservation.

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Brokaw Mansion

Also known as the Brokaw Houses and Brokaw Mansions

The demolition of the Brokaw Mansion played a significant role in advancing landmarks legislation in New York City.

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Brooklyn Battery Bridge

Also known as the Brooklyn-Battery Bridge or the Brooklyn Battery Tunnel

The proposed Brooklyn Battery Bridge incited one of the first major preservation battles in New York City and influenced the movement in lasting ways.

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Carnegie Hall

Carnegie Hall, an iconic New York City cultural institution, was saved from demolition in the 1950 and ’60s through concerted preservation efforts.

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Castle Clinton

Also known as Castle Garden, Emigrant Landing Depot, New York Aquarium, Castle Clinton National Monument, Fort Clinton, and the West Battery

Built in 1808, Castle Clinton was the focus of one of the first major preservation-related battles in New York City.

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Central Park

Central Park was first established in 1857. Throughout its history New Yorkers have struggled to maintain the park’s original naturalistic landscape design while accommodating modern park amenities.

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